Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis)

Interesting :

Shoulders appear lower than the hindquarters. Cinnamon coloured upper body, white underparts and a broad dark brown stripe on either flank stretching from the front legs to the rear legs. The short white tail is brown tufted. The rump is marked by a triangular-shaped white patch, framed by a dark brown stripe with the apex on the top of the hindquarters. Horns of ewes are slender and shorter.

Habitat :

Springboks inhabit dry, open plains; from deserts to savannahs and shrublands, and from sea level up to South Africa’s Highveld plateau area. It prefers areas of short grasses and avoids tall grass.

Food :

Most grass are staple food. They are also fond of feeding on flowers when available, and when water is scarce springbok seek out moisture-rich roots, tubers and succulent foliage.

Behavior :

They can several consecutive stiff-legged jumps, up to two meters high, with the back arched and the white crest of hair raised. There is also a social role; the fold of skin on the back produces a secretion with a strong, sweet odour that can be released while pronking, and thus sends out visual and olfactory messages to other springbok.

Current Status :

Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List 2008

Taxonomy

CLASS : Mammalia

ORDER : Cetartiodactyla

FAMILY : Bovidae

GENUS : Antidorcas

Reproductive :

Normally a single lamb is born, after a 25 week gestation, and is initially left hiding in a protected place, such as a bush, whilst the mother grazes away from her offspring. Their time apart gradually becomes less, and by three to four weeks of age, the lamb begins to spend most their time with maternal herd. Lambs are weaned at five to six months.

Reference :

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Update : 06 April 2017